Before exploring what acne rosacea is and how it is treated, it is important for you to realize that rosacea and regular acne are two different skin conditions. The causes of rosacea and acne differ, and there are some differences between the way rosacea and regular acne appear. Bear in mind that it is entirely possible to have regular acne and rosacea at the same time.
Acne Rosacea vs. Regular Acne
There are some common traits shared between acne and rosacea, but the two skin conditions are really quite unique. First, while acne and rosacea can appear with inflamed skin infections, regular acne does not discriminate as it can occur in men, women, and children of any ethnicity. Alternatively, rosacea is a condition usually occurring in light-skinned Caucasians. While it is possible for people of other ethnicities and skin tones to develop rosacea, it is far less common. Regular acne may appear with black and/or whitehead eruptions, but these types of outbreaks do not occur in a condition like rosacea.
Sometimes people can outgrow acne outbreaks, while the likelihood of outgrowing a condition like rosacea is slim. Rosacea is a skin condition that is not very common in teenagers, while regular acne is quite common for teens. Usually, rosacea appears during adulthood: this has led to the condition being commonly identified as “adult acne.” Rosacea is a skin ailment that is prevalent in adults ages thirty to fifty, but it can also affect light-skinned young adults and the elderly too.
Regular acne and acne rosacea are not conditions that can be spread from one person to another. If you suffer from rosacea you may experience intermittent outbreaks of the condition, but this can also happen with acne eruptions. Acne rosacea usually does not contain any kind of pus or infected material, and the skin eruptions cannot be handled with extraction tools. If you have rosacea, you may notice that your skin is very red, and the red skin is often darker than an area of the skin that is affected by acne alone. Acne rosacea is more common in adult females, but men can develop the condition too. Children usually do not get rosacea, but they can develop regular acne at any time.
Acne Rosacea: What is It?
To get a clear understanding of just how different acne rosacea is from regular acne, it is necessary to define what rosacea really is. Rosacea presents itself on the skin with the appearance of small blood vessels and red spots. A person with rosacea may have red, swollen acne-like eruptions or tiny bumps, and the condition can cause eye irritations too. The eyes might feel as if they are gritty or you might experience burning sensations in the eyes. Rosacea often looks like the person is flushed or blushing since the condition causes the skin to redden. Rosacea can appear on the nose, chin, cheeks, and forehead as well as around the eyes of the sufferer. Sometimes people with rosacea, especially men, will wind up with enlarged oil glands in the cheeks and/or nose: this can cause the accumulation of excess tissue around the region of the nose. The excess tissue can make the nose appear swollen or bulbous.
If you have family members that have acne rosacea, there is a greater chance that you will develop the condition too. People who tend to blush with ease are more likely to get rosacea. People with light eyes, hair or skin and women entering into menopause are also more apt to develop rosacea conditions. If you already have rosacea or you experience intermittent outbreaks, certain situations can trigger an outbreak of acne rosacea. Staying out too long in the sun or taking hot showers or baths can trigger the appearance of rosacea. Consuming hot beverages or extra spicy foods can also trigger a outbreak. Even harsh whether like extreme hot or cold temperatures can be the reason behind the appearance of rosacea on your skin. In addition, if you use skin care products that are overly harsh, you can wind up dealing with more frequent acne rosacea outbreaks.
Treatment Options for Acne Rosacea
If you do not deal with acne rosacea it does not just disappear with the passage of time. If you visit a skin care specialist or health care professional, you might be prescribed antibiotics like Clindamycin or Erythromycin: both of these antibiotics are used to deal with inflamed acne. They can be prescribed to be taken orally or you might be prescribed a cream to apply to the rosacea directly. A doctor might also give you a cream containing azelaic acid and Metronidazole to help reduce the swelling and skin reddening so common in rosacea conditions.
As an alternative, you might be offered ointments or creams containing steroids like hydrocortisone to minimize irritation and inflammation. If you are a woman you can sometimes be offered birth control pills that help in reducing inflamed acne conditions. It is important for you to remember that when treating rosacea with prescribed medications that your outbreaks can become more frequent and aggressive. In some cases, your body may adapt to the antibiotics that you use and render the medication ineffective.
If you are dealing with a mild case of acne rosacea, it can sometimes be controlled with over the counter products containing Benzoyl peroxide. You will also want to develop a healthy diet, absent of potential acne triggers. Meanwhile, if you plan on spending any time out in the sun, you will want to use sunscreen with an SPF of 15 or higher to keep your skin protected from irritation caused by exposure to ultraviolet rays.
Caring for Your Skin
Some people who suffer from acne rosacea have chemical peels or dermabrasion procedures performed. Since rosacea is a recurring condition, the costs of these procedures can add up over time. What’s more, while the immediate effects of dermabrasion procedures and chemical peels are to rid the skin of pustules and papules, these procedures can irritate the sensitive skin of a rosacea sufferer. The side effects of having these procedures done can result in a permanent reddening of the skin, irritation, and burning sensations in the treated areas.
If you are offered retinoid cream by your physician to deal with acne rosacea, you might want to reconsider. Retinoids are great for dealing with pustules and papules in regular acne conditions, but the medication can have a face reddening effect. Considering the fact that, as a rosacea sufferer, you are already dealing with reddened skin; retinoid cream can actually make your red skin worse.
Banish all foods and beverages from your diet that can serve as triggers for acne rosacea too. You will want to do away with or minimize your intake of hot foods, spicy foods, figs, raisins, red plums, bananas, tomatoes, and citrus foods. Peas, navy beans, lima beans, and bean pods can also trigger the condition. In addition, minimize your intake of spinach, avocadoes, eggplants, foods containing yeast extract, soy sauce, chocolate, champagne, bourbon, gin, vodka, beer, red wine, and dairy products if you want to keep your rosacea under control.